1. What changes would you suggest in your home in order to be environment-friendly?
Ans:- Some important changes that can help make homes more environment-friendly include:
1.Segregation of the garbage into biodegradable waste (food waste) and non-biodegradable waste (plastics).
2.Use of eco-friendly products such as cloth shopping bags and paper cups instead of plastics.
3.Avoiding the wastage of electricity by switching off the electrical appliances that are not in use.
4.Avoiding the wastage of water by quickly fix leaking taps and incorporating practices that reduce water wastage (such as closing the taps while brushing and using water judiciously while bathing).
2. Can you suggest some changes in your school which would make it environment-friendly?
Ans:- Some important changes that can help make schools more environment-friendly include:
Providing a platform for students and teachers to report any leaking taps so that they can be quickly repaired by the school plumber.
Students and teachers must make sure all the lights and fans are switched off when the classes end for the day.
Setting up waste segregation bins for biodegradable waste and non-biodegradable waste throughout the school.
Promoting the use of transport methods such as bicycles and school buses.
3. We saw in this chapter that there are four main stakeholders when it comes to forests and wildlife. Which among these should have the authority to decide the management of forest produce? Why do you think so?
Ans:- The government’s forest department should have the authority because they are a branch of the government which is elected by the people. However, these forest authorities must not be corrupt and must not accept bribes from poachers/smugglers. The forest authorities can use the resources of the government to effectively protect and preserve the forest areas.
4. How can you as an individual contribute or make a difference to the management of (a) forests and wildlife, (b) water resources and (c) coal and petroleum?
Ans:-(a). An individual can contribute to the management of forest and wildlife resources by:
1. Organizing and participating in rallies that protest against deforestation and wildlife poaching.
2. Volunteering for many non-government organizations (NGOs) that work towards the protection of forests and wildlife.
3. Organizing and participating in group activities that involve the planting of new trees in forest areas.
(b). An individual can contribute towards the management of water resources by:
1. Avoiding the wastage of water in their daily lives by using water judiciously.
2. Spreading awareness about the importance of water management by participating in rallies/ activities.
3. Promoting practices such as rainwater harvesting and discouraging the discharge of wastewater and sewage into lakes and rivers.
(c). An individual can contribute towards the management of non-renewable energy sources such as coal and petrol by:
1.Using fuel-efficient transportation methods such as carpooling, use of public transport, and use of bicycles.
2.Using energy-efficient light sources such as CFLs and LEDs instead of ordinary bulbs.
3.Using solar water heaters instead of electric heaters for heating water.
5. What can you as an individual do to reduce your consumption of the various natural resources?
Ans:-Some practices that can be followed by individuals in order to reduce their consumption of natural resources include:
1. Use of fuel-efficient transport options such as carpooling, bicycles, and public transport.
2. Judicious use of water and avoidance of its wastage.
3. Use of recycled products such as recycled paper and bottles to reduce the demand for natural resources.
4. Promoting the use of renewable resources by using solar water heaters instead of electric heaters.
6. List five things you have done over the last week to (a) conserve our natural resources. (b) increase the pressure on our natural resources.
Ans:- Practices for the conservation of natural resources include:
1.Use of bicycles and public transport while traveling to reduce fuel consumption.
2. Use of recycled paper and other recycled products.
3. Segregation of garbage into biodegradable and non-biodegradable bins.
4. Avoiding the wastage of water by using it judiciously and fixing any leaking taps/pipes.
5. Practices that deplete natural resources include:
Wastage of electrical energy by leaving electrical appliances on after use.
Wastage of water by ignoring any leaking pipes/taps and leaving the tap on while brushing.
Excessive use of plastic products such as polythene bags.
7. On the basis of the issues raised in this chapter, what changes would you incorporate in your lifestyle in a move towards the sustainable usage of our resources?
Ans:-The following changes can be incorporated into the lifestyles of individuals in order to move towards a sustainable usage of natural resources:
Segregate the waste generated in homes into biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste.
Avoid the wastage of electricity by switching of lights, fans, and other electrical appliances when not in use.
Use water judiciously and avoid its wastage by quickly repairing any leaking taps/pipes.
Avoid the wastage of water by regulating the quantity of water consumed for bathing, washing clothes, brushing, etc.
Practicing environment-friendly methods such as rainwater harvesting and planting of trees.
Usage of recycled products such as recycled paper and bottles.
Usage of eco-friendly products such as cloth shopping bags and paper cups instead of non-biodegradable polythene bags and disposable plastic cups.