Very Short Answer type question:-
In evolving the concept of satyagraha, Gandhi was influenced by the writings of-
(a)Tolstoy and Dostoevsky
(b)Thoreau and Whiteman
(c)Tolstoy and Thoreau
(d)None of them.
Ans:- (c)Tolstoy and Thoreau
———-renounced his knighthood in protest against the Jallainwala Bagh Massa.
(a) Rabindranath Tagore
(b) Ashutosh Mukherjee
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Lala Lajpat Rai
Ans:- (a) Rabindranath Tagore
The movement which had proved to be a ‘Himalayan blunder’ due to the Chauri Chaura incident was_
(a) Non-cooperation Movement
(b) Quit India Movement
(c) Khilafat Movement
(d) Civil Disobedience
Ans:- (a) Non-cooperation Movement
In ——– of the Congress, Purna Swaraj, as the chief goal of Indians was declared.
(a) Lahore session, 1929
(b) Calcutta session, 1928
(c) Madras session, 1927
(d) Karachi session, 1930
Ans:-(a) Lahore session, 1929
Poorna Swaraj Day’ was celebrated on-
(a) 26 November 1930
(b) 26 January 1930
(c) 26 November 1935
(d) 26 January 1935
Ans:-(b) 26 January 1930
Dandí March was launched on-
(a) 12 March 1930
(b) 12 April 1930
(c) 12 December 1930
(d) 12 November 1932
Ans:- (a) 12 March 1930
Who was known as frontier Gandhi?
(a) Mohammad Ali Jinnah
(b) Sardar Vallabbhai Patel
(c)Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
(d) Bhim Rao Ambedkar.
Ans:- (c)Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
In March 1947 ——— replaced Lord Wavell as the Viceroy of India
(a)Lord Mountbatten (b)C, Rajagopalachari
(c) Lord Chelmsford (d) Lord Wellington.
Ans:- (a)Lord Mountbatten
what is the full name ofMahatma Gandhi?
Ans:- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
When was the first World War started?
who gained victory in the first World War?
The allied nations- Britain, U.S. and France
When was the Russian Revolution taken place?
When was Mahatma Gandhi born?
At Porbandar (Gujarat) on October 2,1869.
Where did Gandhi go to study Law?
In which country did Gandhi first apply the ‘technique of Satyagraha?
When did Gandhi return to India from South Africa?
Where did Gandhi take up the cause of peasants against landlords?
Ans:- Champaran (Bihar).
Where did Gandhi take up the cause of farmers against the collection of land-revenue when did their crops fail?
Ans:- Kheda in the state of Gujarat.
Until when was Gandhi the supporter of the British Government?
Ans:- till 1918.
When did the British Government pass the Rowlatt Act?
Who was the Governor-General when the Rowlatt Act was passed in 1919?
Ans:- Lord Chelmsford.
Where did Gandhi start the Satyagraha in India?
When was the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre taken place?
Ans:- April 13, 1919.
Who ordered the British troops to fire on the unarmed and defenseless people at Jalianwala Bagh?
Ans:- General Dyer.
Why did Rabindranath Tagore renounce his Knighthood?
Ans:- Rabindranath Tagore renounced his Knighthood in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
Whom did the Muslims regard as their Khalifa or spiritual head?
Ans:- The Muslims regarded the Sultan of Turkey as their Khalifa or spiritual head.
When was the Non-Cooperation Movement started?
When was the Non-Cooperation Movement came to an end?
When did the Chauri-Chaura incident take place?
Ans:- February 5, 1922.
Who organized and led the procession against the Simon Commission at Lahore?
Ans:- Lala Lajpat Rai.
Who declared complete Independence as the chief goal of Indians?
Ans:- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
When was Independence Day celebrated throughout India before India’s Independence?
Ans:- January 26, 1930
25.. Which commission was accused of being an All White Commission?
Ans:- Simon Commission.
When was Poorna Swaraj Day’ celebrated in India?
Ans:- January 26, 1930.
When was Dandi March launched?
Ans:- 12 March, 1930
Who was Frontier Gandhi?
Ans:- Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan.
Who led the Civil Disobedience Movement in North West Frontier Province?
Ans:-Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
When did the Gandhi-Irwin pact happen?
Where was the Second Round Table Conference held?
32. When was the Second Round Table Conference held?
When was the Civil Disobedience Movement re-started?
When was the Civil Disobedience Movement completely withdrawn?
When was the demand for Pakistan first started?
Who emphasized the Two-nation theory demanded a separate homeland for the Muslims?
Ans:- Mohammad Ali Jinnah
Name the first Satyagrahi who was to court arrest?
Ans:- Acharya Vinoba Bhabe
Who was sent with new constitutional proposals by the British War Cabinet in March 1942?
Ans:- Sir Stafford Cripps
When was the second World War broken out?
When did Gandhi launch Quit India Movement?
Ans:- August 1942.
During the course of which movement did, Gandhi gave the slogan “Do or Die”?
Ans:- Quit India Movement 1942.
Who was the founder of the Azad Hind Fauz?
Ans:- Rasbihari Bose
Who formed the “Provisional Government of Free India” in Singapore?
Ans:- Subhas Chandra Bose
What was slogan of Indian National Army?
Ans:- Jai Hind
“Give me blood and I shall give you freedom” This famous quote is attributed to which Indian leader?
Ans:- Subhas Chandra Bose
Who was hailed as ‘Netaji’ by the entire country?
Ans:- Subhas Chandra Bose
Who sent the Cabinet Mission to India in 1946?
Ans:- Mr Clement Attlee
Who observed “Direct Action Day” on August 16, 1946?
Ans:- The Muslim League.
Why did the Muslim League observe ‘Direct Action Day’ on August 16, 1946?
Ans:- to achieve Pakistan.
Who replaced Lord Wavell as the Viceroy of India in March 1947?
Ans:- Lord Mount Batten
What is the name of the International Boundary Line between India and Pakistan?
Ans:- Radcliffe Line
Gandhi started on his Salt march from Sabarmati Ashram to the sea coast at Dandi. What was the distance between Sabarmati Ashram to the sea-coast at Dandi?
Ans:- 385 km
Who was the sole Congress representative at the Second Round Table Conference in London?
Ans:- Mahatma Gandhi
LONG Answer type question:-
1.What do you understand by the term Satyagraha? Briefly write about the three local disputes where Gandhi first applied the technique of Satyagraha in India?(4/5 marks)
Ans:- The word Satyagraha was first used by Gandhi in South Africa. It is a compound of two separate words, Satya which means ‘truth’ and agraha which means ‘holding fest’.Its root meaning is holding on to truth.
The three disputes where Gandhi first applied the technique of Satyagraha in India were:-
i.Champaran (North Bihar):- In Champaran, he took up the cause of peasants against the landlords.
ii. Kheda (Gujrat):- In Kheda he took up the cause of famers against the collection of land revenue.
iii. Ahmedabad (Gujrat):- Here ,he took up the cause of the mill workers against the mill owners.
In each of the cases ,the strategy was ‘Satyagraha’ and the principles were truth and non-violence.
2. Why was the khilafat movement started in India?(4/5 marks)
Ans:- The Khilafat movement started in India as a result of the defeat of Turkey in the first world war. The Muslims regarded the Sultan of Turkey as their Khalifa which means ‘Spiritual Head’. They became upset when they found that he retain no control over his empires holy places. The Muslims in India became apprehenrive of the fate of their Khalifa and formed a Khilafat Committee under the leadership of Maulana Shaukad Ali and Mohammed Ali. Its object was the restoration of the Sultan of Turkey as Khalifa (Caliph) of Islam. Gandhi also extended support to the movement , effecting Hindu-Muslim brotherhood.
3. Why did Mahatma Gandhi launch the Non-Cooperation movementof 1920-22 ? What were its programmes?what made Gandhi suspended the movement?(4/5 marks)
Ans:- Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation movementof 1920-22 to upload Indian honour and integrity peacefully.
Some of the significant causes were :-
i. The discontent over the World War – I had taken big tall on Indians Economy and Human resources.
ii. The Jalianwalla Bagh Massacre of 1919.
iii. The Economic exploitation of Indian by the British.
iv. The Rowlatt Act of 1919. It provided the authority to imprison any person suspected of terrorism for two yers.
v. The Khilafat movement to ensure protection of the ottoman Empire.
Ans:- Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Coperation movement of 1920-22 for several causes.Some of these were:-
a. The discontent over the World War-I had taken big tax on Indians Economy and human resources.
b. The Rowlatt Act of 1919 provided the authority to imprison any person suspected of terrorism for two years.
c. The Economic exploitation of India by the British.
d. The Jalianwalla Bagh Massacre of 1919.
e. The Khilafat movement to ensure protection of the ottoman Empire.
Some prograammes of this agitation were:-
a. The promotion of Swadeshi , particularly the revival of hand spinning and weaving.
b. Removal of untouchability among the Hindus.
c. Prohibition of the Use of Alocoholic drinks.
d. Collection of a core of rupees for the memorial of Tilak.
e. Promotion of Hindu-Muslim Unity.
f. Boycott of legislatures, corts and govt. educational institutions.
g. British titles and honours were srrendered.
The movement took violent turn after the mob violenceon 5th Feb,1922 at Chauri Chawra in Gorakhpur.
Three prostestor and about twenty-two policemen were dead in the mob vioilence .Gandhi was shocked at this incident and immediately suspended the movement.\
4. what were the main aims Civil Disobedient Movement . What were the main features of the movement?
Ans:-The main aims Civil Disobedient Movement were:-
i.Prohibition of use of intoxicants.
ii.Change of the ratio of rupee and sterling.
iii.Reduction of the rate of land revenue.
iv.Abolition of Salt tax.
v.Reduction of malitary expenditure.
vi.Reduction of expenditure on Civil Administration.
vii.Imposition of custom duty on foreign clothes.
viii.Acceptance of the Crime Investigation Department.
ix.Acceptance of Postal Reservation Bill.
x.Release of all policatical prisoners.
xi.Ksuing license of arms to citizens for self protection.
The main features of the movement were.
i.Gandhi prostested against the salt law throwing up a callange to the British govt. , which spread in other parts of the country.
ii.The first round table conference in london was boycotted by the Congress.
iii.The ‘Khudai’ Khitmadgars popularly known as the ‘Red Shirts’ led the movement under the leadership of Kean Abdul Gaffar Khan.
iv.Gandhi and thousand other protestor were arrested.
5.Under what circumstances was the Quit India Movement launched?Do you consider the movement to be a milestone in India’s struggle for Independence?Give reasons in support of your answer.
Ans:-The World War II broke out in September 1939. M.K Gandhi and Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru were strongly critical of twitter and the Nagis.Therefore, the Congress negotiated the grant India complete Independence, in return the support the British in their war efforts.The after was reject followingly, In 1942 ,Prime Minister Winston Churchill was pressurized to send one of his ministers , Sir Stafford Cripps to negotiate with the Indian political parties in support of their war efforts.However , Cripps mission failed . The fear of Japan attacking India , terror in Cast Bengal and the fact that the British could not defend the country anywhere added the circumstances to launch the Quit India Movement.
Yes, I do xonsider the movement to be a milestone in India’s struggle for Independence, Through the movement was short lived.it demonstrated the dept that nationalist feeling had reached in the country. Students , women, peasants and workers irrespective of caste , creed and religion played important roles.After ‘Quit India’ there would be no retreat . Any future negotiations with the British govt. could only be on the manner of transfer of power.
6.Write a brief note on the Indian National Army.
Ans:-The idea of the Indian National Army was first conuived by Captin Mohan Singh, an Indian Officer of British Army.In June 1942, a conference wasd held in Bangkok where Rash Bihari Bose was ellected as President of the League and a descion of Indian National Army.The Bangkok conference also Invited Subhash Chandra Bose.Shortly after his arrival Rash Bihari Bose organised from the Presidency in favour of Bose.In Singapore , On October 21, 1943 Subash Ch. Bose formed “Azad Hind Sarkar” whose objective was to expel the British from the Indian Soil.He reorganised the INA andeven a womens regiment was formed called the ‘Rani Jhansi Regiment’. The slogan of INA was ‘Jai Hind’.Bose’s famous quote’Give me blood and i shall give you freedom’ motivated his followers. Subhash bose is reported to have been killed in an air crashin August 1945.History praised him for organising the INA to set an inspiring example of patroism before the Indian People and the Indian Army.