Very Short Type Questions: Mark: 1
1. Choose the correct answer
i) ——— was declared as the king of Manipur in September 1891.
Ans:- c) Churachandra
(ii) Maniram Dewan and other elite leaders planned to reinstate the Ahom monarchy with ——— as the king.
(a) Purandar Singha
(b) Kamaleswar Singha
(c) Kandarpeswar Singha
(d) Rajeswar Singha
Ans:- c) Kandarpeswar Singha
(iii) In Calcutta Maniram Dewan met——–, a Bengali Muktiyar and together they hatched a conspiracy to drive out the British from Assam.
(a) Rajbhihari Mallik
(b) Ausotosh Mukherjee
(d) None of them.
Ans:- (c)Madhu Mallik
(iv)———- set up a special Court of Justice wherein Maniram Dewan and Piyoli Barua was sentenced to be hanged to death on being found guilty of charges of conspiring against the British government.
(d)Deputy Commissioner Sconce
Ans:- (a)Captain Holroyd
(v) Moffat Mills was a ———
(a) Chief Commissioner of Assam
(b) Governor-General of Fort William.
(c) Chief Justice of Calcutta High court.
(d) The chief officer of Sibsagar district.
Ans:- (c) Chief Justice of Calcutta High court.
(vi) The first peasant uprising against the British was known as ——-
(a) Phulaguri Dhawa
(b) Patharughat Raijmel
(c) Lachima Raijmel
(d) Rangiya Raijmel
Ans:- (a) Phulaguri Dhawa
(vi) The Peasant revolt on 24 the December 1893 was known as ——–
(a) Phulaguri Dhawa
(b) Patharughat Raijmel
(c) Lachima Raijmel
(d) Rangiya Raijmel
Ans:- (d) Rangiya Raijmel
Who established itself as a powerful ruler in India by the thirties and forties of the 19th century?
Ans:- The East India Company
In which year did Moffat Mills come to Assam?
Who wrote an application to Moffat Mills in 1853?
Name the silks of Assam which had a special demand in the Indian market from the time of Ahom dynasty.
Ans:- paat, muga
Who were the Keyas?
Ans:- Keyas were the immigrant Marwari Mahajans in Assam who earned a living by lending money on interest to the Assamese populace.
When did the British stop slavery in Assam?
who planned to reinstate the Ahom monarchy with the grandson of former Ahom king Purandar Singha?
Ans:- Maniram Dewan
In the revolt of 1857, the rebels of Assam wanted to re-establish which Ahom Prince on the throne?
Ans:- Kandarpeswar Singha.
- Who was the Bengali Muktiyar who helped Maniram Dewan?
Ans:- Madhu Malik
Who was Jenkins?
Who intercepted many letters written by Maniram Dewan wherein the conspiracy against the British government was clearly mentioned?
Ans:- Captain Holroyd
Who arrived in Jorhat with a force and arrested Kandarpeswar Singha on September 1857?
Ans:- Captain Louther
Who was hanged along with Maniram Dewan?
Ans:- Piyoli Barua
When was Maniram Dewan and Piyoli Barua hanged?
Ans:- 26th February 1858
Where was Maniram Dewan and Piyoli Barua hanged?
Ans:- In Jorhat Jail
Who led the peasant revolts in Assam in the 19th century?
Ans:- Raij Mels
In which year, was the Stamp Duties implemented?
In which year, was the Income Tax implemented?
In which year, was the License Tax implemented?
In which year, was the Grazing Tax implemented?
When was Phulaguri Dhawa broken out?
When did the British completely ban the cultivation of Poppy?
Which ethnic community led the protest at Phulaguri?
Ans:- Tiwa ethnic community.
Who tried the case of Maniram Dewan?
Ans:- Captain Holroyd
Name the Assistant Commissioner who was killed in the Phulaguri peasants’ revolt?
Ans:- Lieutenant Singer, the Assistant Commissioner.
When did the peasants’ revolt at Rangia break out?
Ans:- 24th December 1893.
Name the Tehsildaar of Rangia and Tamulpur who was humiliated by the peasants during the revolt of 1893?
Ans:- Radhanath Barua.
Who was Riley?
Riley was the Police Superintendent under the British Administration who was sent to control the peasant revolt at Rangia.
Who was Mr. MeCabe?
Ans:- Mr. MeCabe was the Deputy Commissioner under the British Administration who selected and appointed some leaders from peasants as police constables in order to establish peace among the peasants and convinced them to pay revenue to the government.
Where is Lachima located?
Ans:- Lachima is located in the Bajali region of North Kamrup district of Assam.
When did the peasant revolt of Lachima take place?
When did the peasant revolt of Patharughat take place?
How many peasants died during the police firing in the Patharughat revolt unofficially?
Ans:- 140 peasants were killed and 150 peasants were injured.
How many peasants died during the police firing in the Patharughat revolt officially?
Ans:- 15 peasants were killed and 37 peasants were injured.
When was the Jaintia kingdom came into the hands of the British from the Jaintia king?
Who was Rajendra Singha?
Ans:- Rajendra Singha was the Jaintia king.
What is Doli Ron?
Ans:- During the Patharughat incident, helpless peasants used doli to defend themselves from gun carrying British soldiers. So this battle is known as doli ron.
Who wrote the Doli Puran?
Ans:- Narottam Das
Who led the Jaintia revolt in 1861?
Ans:- Ukiang Nonbah.
Who led the revolt of the ethnic tribes of North Cachar in 1881?
Ans:- Sambudhan Kachari.
Who crushed the revolt of the Angami Nagas with an iron hand?
Ans:- Colonel Johnston.
Who punished Tikendrajit with the death sentence?
Ans:- The British.
In which year was J.W.Quinton murdered?
Who was Kulachandra?
Ans:- Kulachandra was the king of Manipur.
Who was Churachandra?
Ans:- Churachandra was a minor Manipuri prince who was declared as king of Manipur in September 1891 after king Kulachandra was exiled.
When was Churachandra declared as king of Manipur?
Ans:- September 1891
How much amount had Manipur to pay to the British government as compensation for the losses incurred during the revolt?
Ans:- Manipur had to pay Rupees 2.50 lakh as compensation for the losses incurred during the revolt and in addition, Rupees 50,000 to be paid annually to the British.
Long Answer type question:-
1.Discuss in brief the causez of the revolt of 1857-58.
Ans:- The basic reason for the outbreak of the revolt in Assam was the dissatisfaction of the people with the British administrations , for which the following causes were responsible:-
a.Increment in forces:- The British introduced a new revenue system where all kinds of takes were began to be collected in each.This created deep resentment among the people of Assam.The revenue was more than what could be afoordable by the peasants.
b.No measures taken for the development of agriculture:-In some areas of Kamrup and Darrang , the condition was such that , apart from the family valuables,parents were compelled to sell their own children for a handful of grains.
c.Spread of Epidemices:-At the same time in Upper Assam cholera and measles took an epidemic form.
d.Establishment of Tea-Gardens:-In the 19th century the British established the Tea Garden in the Upper Assam,which they extempted form land revenue.The additional tax burden had to be borne by the peasants.
e.Deterioration of the Cottgae Industry:-The Paat and Muga silk of Assam had a special demand in the Indian market.The patronage of British administration to import foriegn cloth metarial had a very negative impact on the people associated with this Industry.
f.Lack of unemployment:-The upper class society Assam wore cacking in education.Hence,they lost their position to the educated Bengali Babus who were imported by the British from Bengal.
g.Ro-assessment of Lakhiraj Lands:-Several Brahmins Purahits of upper Assam joined in the revolt of 1857 against the British rule because the govt. took away the excess of the Lakheraj and untaxed lands.
2.Discuss the role of Maniram Dewan in the revolt of 1857-58 in Assam.
Ans:-The elite class people of Assam were dreaming of throwing out British from Assam and resisting Prince Kandarpeswar Sinha as the Ahom King.Maniram Dewan was the pesson behind the place.When the Indian Soldiers declared Mutiny in Meerut ,Maniram Deawn was in Calcutta.He had gone there to file an application to the British govt. requesting that a portion of uppper Assam to be placed under the rule of Ahom Royal family .He did not even get an oppportunity to meet the Luetunant Governer of Bengal .Then he met Madhu Malik a Bengali Muktiayar and together they hatched a conspiracy to the British out of Assam.Bahadur Gaoleurha,Promud Ali,Piyoli Baruah,Dutiram Barua,Mayaram Nazi etc. were some elites of Assam who responded to Maniram Dewan’s appeal.It was decided that Ahom Prince Kandarpeswar Sinha would lead the soldiers in Assam and Maniram Dewan would brings arms and weapons from Calcutta.The British got the scent of this conspiracy in the middle of August 1857.With the help of interupted letters of Maniram Dewan ,the British a soon arrested Prince Kandarperswar Singha and almost all the other leaders.Maniram Dewan and Piyoli Barua were also caught following the arrest of the Ahom Prince.Maniram Dewan and Piyoti Barua were found guilty for treason and were hanged to death on 26th feb 1958
in Jorhat and rest of the leaders were sent for trial.
3.Discuss the reason why the result of 1857-58 failed in Assam.
Ans:-The causes of the faulire of revolt of 1857-58 were:-
(a)The number of revels in Assam were very small,Maniram Dewan’s supporters were confined to Jorhat and Sibsagar only.
(b)The leaders of the rebellion failed to understand the importance of time and so, even after all preparations for the revolt,they failed to begin in time.
(c)Maniram Dewan was far away from scene of revolt,Calcutta was far away from Assam,commanding through letters was quite inepractical.
(d)Maniram Dewan and his associates never tried to involve all the sections of the society in the revolt.The new Assamese middle class people of Nowgoan and Gawhati were not all sympathetic towards the revolt.
(e)The rebels failed to maintain secrecy of their activities.The rebels had no access to arms and weapons as required.Through Maniram Dewan was supposed to bring weapons,he was arrested before he would don so.
The Rebels in Assam did not gain support from the Indian Soldiers of British army as in Meerat,Delhi and Lucknow.
4.Discuss the importance of the revolt of 1857 in Assam.
Ans:-The revolt of 1857 in Assam stands as the landmark event in the history of Assam.Through the result was crushed by the British govenment with an iron hand,this was the first time in the history of the Assam that Assam was associated with a historical Indian event.The rebellion had for reaching consequences for state as well as for its people.The peasents revolts that began in 1867 in Assam got inspiration for the revolt of 1857.The patriotic deaths of Maniram Dewan and Ayoli Baruah inspired the people and may historians.The Hindu-Muslim communities in Assam were united to take part in the result and thus fuelled the growth of Nationalism.This unity brought a communal harmony in the state.During the Indian National Movement, the freedom fighers of Assam were greatly inspired by the activities of Maniram Dewan and his associates, who played commendable role in the revolt of 1857.
5.Write a short note on the Phulaguri Dhawa.
Ans:-Phulaguri was a village inhabitated by the Tiwa ethanic community who survived on the commencial cultivation of poppy.In 1861 the British completely banned cultivation of poppy and decided on imposing tax on tamul-pan (areca nut and betal leaves) but they continued to sell opium which was extracted from popoy seeds.The Tiwa community were severely affected as they survived on the commercial poppy cultivation.On 17th september 1861 more than 1500 peasants from various adjoining areas gathered in Phulaguri and organized a Raji MEl (Peoples assemblies) to oppose the decision of the govt. It was decided to submit a petition to Herbert Scouth the Deputy Commisioner requesting the removal of the ban on poppy and not to fix any tax on Tamul-Paan.When Sconce, misbehavedanother Raij Mel was held on 15th October 1861 at Phulaguri with a gathering that grew to 4000 pesants with armed bamboo sticks.Lietenant G.B Singer the Asistant Commisioner refused to be sympatyhetic and asked the people to leave and ordered his Sepoys to snatch this bamboo Sticks.While this tussle over the bamboo sticks broke out,one of the pesants struck Singer on his head and he died on the spot.His body was thrown into the Kollong River.This incident was known as Phulaguri Dhawa.On the charge of murder of Singer’thousand of pesants were arrested out of which Lakkhan Deka, Songbor Lalung and Rongbor Deka were awarded to death and some of the accused were sent away to Koliyapaani(Andaman and Nicobar Island).Although it can be said that this revolt had been succesful because after this,the govt. never imposed any taxes on Tamul-paan.
6.Discuss the peasant result of North Kamrup in 1894.
Ans:-The British govt. did not take any measures to wipe away the miseries of the peasants.The people and pesants of Rangia ,Nalbari,Lachima,Bajali,etc. organised a Raj Mel at Panigaon Sapori to protest against the in creasing rate of revenue by British govt. The result started mainly when Dasuram Choudhury the Moujadar of Kapala village near Lachima in Sarnkhetri Mouja and his mondol Holiram Mishra were beaten to dead by the people on 21st January 1894.The Circle Office of Barpeta, Madhab Chandra Bordoloi arrested 75 people when 3000 people surrounded and threatened to burn down the rest camp, the circle officer was conspelled to release those arrested people.The next day Deputy Commisioner Mc Cabe arrested 59 rebel peasants and looked them to atemporary Jail.On 25th January around 6000 peoplesigned a document for releasing the arrested peasants.But Mc Cabe showed no sympathy and chased away the crowd by applying forces.Among those arrested were mny leaders like Gosain Doley who wore tied to the yokes like bullocks and paraded before the as a lesson.Later, on the orders of Calcutta High Court, the punishment sentenced those people were reduced which brings the end of the revolt of North Kamrup in 1894.
7. Give an account of revolt of Patharughat in 1894.
Ans:-On January 1894, the peasants of Kaliagoan,Sipajhar of Mangaldoi circle and Patharughat tehril organized Raij Mels to oppose the increased revenue as well as its collection.In order to stop this huge public assembly,J.D Anderson alongwith the help of aforce comprising of police and malitary personnel, the prospective of those pesants were confiscated.This infuriated the pesants and about 200 of them surrounded Benington who had gone for revenue extraction . He somehow managed to escaped fromk the mob.A few hors later around 2000 peasantsmarched towards the Rest Camp with armed sticks.Following the orders of Deputy Commisioner, the Superintendent tried to forcefully chase away the peasants.They retaliated by brandishing their sticks,hurling stones and moved closer.Under such conditions the Deputy Commisioner ordered the Superintendent to open fire.Accordingly to unofficial records 140 peasants were killed and 150 peasants were injured.On the otherhand offical records showed 15 killed and 37 injured.The revolt was crushed by the British imperalish govt. with an iron hand.
8.Write a note on the Jaintia revolt against the British in 1850.
Ans:-The Jaintia Kingdom went into the hands of the British from the Jaintia King ,Rajendra Singha in 1835.British made arrangements to extract revenue by having community fishing and collection of firewood.Moreover,interference in the religions and traditional social practices and banning the use of weapons that had been used for generation, turned the ethinic hill tribe completely against the British.They organised village meetings with the Dolois and Sardar and began to prepare for the revolt.When the British implement House tax the Jaintia’s raised the banner of revolt by removing the tehsildar of Jowai.As soon as the news spread , revolts were decleared in Jayantipur, Mulagal , Jaflong and Sera areas also. The leadership of Ukiang Nongbah doubled the strenght of the revolt.They swore to overthrow the British authority from Jaintia Hills and re-established their own rights. On the 17th January 1862, theJaintia made a sudden attack on the British Camp,in Jowai.They also blocked two roads and killed members of the police forces who had been torturing them.The British Govt. appointed Brigadier-General G.D Showers with malitary and Civil authority who led to the gradualerosion of the strenght of the rebels by attacking them continiously.The British govt. promised a general annesty if the rebels surrender voluntarily and an award of Rupees 1000 was announced for anyone who would capture and handover to the British their Ukians Ningbah. Ultimately Ukians Ningbah fell into the hands of the British and was publicly hanged to death at Jowai.With the hanging of Ukians Ningbah by 1863 the Jaintia Revolt to an end.
9.Write about the anti-British result of 1891 in Manipur under the leadership of Tikendrajit?
Ans:-The kingdom of Maniour was recognised as a negative kingdom of the protection of the British.Taking advantage of the British presence, the Crown prince Kulachandra,dethroned the king,Surachandra and sat on the throne himself as the king on 21st September 1890.The British began to put pressure on Kulchandra to banish his Commander-in-chief (Senapati) Tikendrajit .He was the main leader of the anti-British revolt which was secretly going on,from the kingdom.But it was not an easy task to banish the popular leader who was working to protect the freedom of kingdom.The Chief Commissioner of Assam J.W quinton and four other European officers came to Manipur themselves to capture Tikendrajit.But the freedom seeking Manipuris killed all of them.To average this incident a strong military contingent was sent to Manipur.Tikendrajit was successfully captured by the British.On the charges of Anti-British activities and killing British officials,he was hanged to death.King Kulachandra was exiled and a minor named Churachandra was declared to be the king in September 1891.Manipur had to pay Rs.2.5 lakh as compensation to the British govt. for the bosses incurred during the result and a sum of Rs.50,000 annually.In this way the British establishment their domination by hammering the anti-British revolt of 1891 in Manipur.